Managing team-based problem solving with symbiotic bid-based genetic programming
Proceedings of the 10th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation - GECCO '08
Bid-based Genetic Programming (GP) provides an elegant mechanism for facilitating cooperative problem decomposition without an a priori specification of the number of team members. This is in contrast to existing teaming approaches where individuals learn a direct input-output map (e.g., from exemplars to class labels), allowing the approach to scale to problems with multiple outcomes (classes), while at the same time providing a mechanism for choosing an outcome from those suggested by team
... bers. This paper proposes a symbiotic relationship that continues to support the cooperative bid-based process for problem decomposition while making the credit assignment process much clearer. Specifically, team membership is defined by a team population indexing combinations of GP individuals in a separate team member population. A Pareto-based competitive coevolutionary component enables the approach to scale to large problems by evolving informative test points in a third population. The ensuing Symbiotic Bid-Based (SBB) model is evaluated on three large classification problems and compared to the XCS learning classifier system (LCS) formulation and to the support vector machine (SVM) implementation LIBSVM. On two of the three problems investigated the overall accuracy of the SBB classifiers was found to be competitive with the XCS and SVM results. At the same time, on all problems, the SBB classifiers were able to detect instances of all classes whereas the XCS and SVM models often ignored exemplars of minor classes. Moreover, this was achieved with a level of model complexity significantly lower than that identified by the SVM and XCS solutions.