Drivers or passengers? A taxonomy of multinationals' approaches to corporate social responsibility implementation in developing markets
International Marketing Review
PurposeThe purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review that illuminates the current state of knowledge regarding the specific approaches by which multinational corporations (MNCs) implement corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the subsidiary level in developing countries.Design/methodology/approachEven though substantial scholarly work has been made to outline MNCs' activities in developing countries, this literature remains fragmented. To support the field in its
... retical as well as empirical advancements, this study conducts a systematic review of this body of literature and content analysis of relevant articles using insights from strategic marketing literature (market driving/proactive and market-driven/reactive approaches).FindingsThe authors synthesize our findings by presenting a taxonomy of proactive/reactive CSR approaches in developing markets along with propositions that can guide future research in this area.Originality/valueAmong the key contributions of this study's literature review is the development of a taxonomy of proactive/reactive CSR, bringing together different and fragmented streams of research and viewing them from strategic marketing ("proactive/reactive") perspective. The taxonomy and the two ensuing propositions can advance future CSR-related studies with MNCs in focus by providing both theoretical and empirical guidance.