Molecular dynamics-based approaches for enhanced sampling of long-time, large-scale conformational changes in biomolecules

Tamar Schlick
2009 F1000 Biology Reports  
The rugged energy landscape of biomolecules together with shortcomings of traditional molecular dynamics (MD) simulations require specialized methods for capturing large-scale, long-time configurational changes along with chemical dynamics behavior. In this report, MD-based methods for biomolecules are surveyed, involving modification of the potential, simulation protocol, or algorithm as well as global reformulations. While many of these methods are successful at probing the thermally
more » ... e configuration space at the expense of altered kinetics, more sophisticated approaches like transition path sampling or Markov chain models are required to obtain mechanistic information, reaction pathways, and/or reaction rates. Divide-and-conquer methods for sampling and for piecing together reaction rate information are especially suitable for readily available computer cluster networks. Successful applications to biomolecules remain a challenge.
doi:10.3410/b1-51 pmid:20948633 pmcid:PMC2948272 fatcat:c5dragh2gvhifgx2sh3mhmfrvu