The effect of a centralization procedure for extruded lateral meniscus on load distribution in porcine knee joints at different flexion angles [post]

Nobutake Ozeki, Rei Kubota, Hideyuki Koga, Junpei Matsuda, Yuji Kohno, Mitsuru Mizuno, Hisako Hisako, Ichiro Sekiya
2020 unpublished
Background : Meniscal extrusion results in loss of the ability to resist hoop strain and biomechanical overload on the joint articular surface. A centralization technique has been developed to overcome these problems. In this study, we analyzed the biomechanics of the extruded and centralized lateral meniscus (LM) in porcine knee joints at different flexion angles. Methods : Porcine knee joints (n=8) were set in the universal tester and each knee was tested under the following states: 1)
more » ... 2) extrusion—meniscal extrusion was created by resecting the posterior root of the LM and posterior synovial capsule; and 3) centralization—centralization was performed by two anchors inserted in the lateral tibial plateau. Deviation distance of the meniscus, contact pressure, and contact area in the anterior LM, middle LM, posterior LM, and the contact pressure of the tibial cartilage were evaluated with an axial compressive force of 200 N at knee flexion angles of 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°. Results : The deviation distance of LM significantly increased in extrusion but was restored to the intact status after centralization at all angles. Both the contact pressure and area significantly decreased in extrusion and were restored after centralization close to the intact status in the anterior and middle LM; in the posterior LM, however, decreased contact pressure and area were not restored after centralization. The contact pressure of the tibial cartilage increased significantly in extrusion but decreased close to the intact status after centralization. Conclusions : This centralization procedure could reduce extrusion of the LM and restore the load-distributing function of the anterior-middle LM. However, the procedure itself could not restore hoop function in cases where the defect lies in the posterior LM. (276 words)
doi:10.21203/rs.2.18118/v2 fatcat:mmerhswiabhfrhpn7dvffgzh6m