FORMS OF THE CROWN AT THE QUINCE FOR MAKING FRUIT FENCES WITHOUT MEANS OF SUPPORT AT HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STATION FROM TARGU JIU
FORME DE COROANĂ LA GUTUI PENTRU REALIZAREA GARDURILOR FRUCTIFERE FĂRĂ MIJLOACE DE SUSȚINERE LA STAȚIUNEA DE CERCETARE - DEZVOLTARE HORTICOLĂ TÂRGU JIU

ION CALINOIU, Horticultural Research and Development Station Targu-Jiu, Romania, D.C. CROITORU, Horticultural Research and Development Station Targu-Jiu, Romania
2018 Fruit Growing Research  
The quince is one of the tree fruit species with ancient traditions among growers, with great ecological plasticity and a diversified use of fruit. On this desideratum, in Horticultural Development Research Station Târgu -Jiu there have been and there are works on the improvement, but also on the establishment of a modern technological links specific to this culture, in the climatic and soil conditions of the sub-Carpathian area of Oltenia. The experience was organized according to the method
more » ... ing to the method of subdivided parcels into intensive system, with 625 trees/ha, with two factors, each factor with 4 graduations, respectively: crown shape (simple palmette, shapeless fence, delayed bowl and bush); quince varieties (Moldoveneşti, De Portugalia, Aromate, De Constantinopol) in a total of 16 variants. Data collected over a 6-year period (2005-2010) concluded that: delayed bowl crown shape best suited to the realization of fruitless fences without support system, producing average yields of 51 kg/tree; the 'Moldoveneşti' quince variety, characterized by a weaker growth and good fertility capacities is the best suited for making fruit fences without a support system, the trees also have a good soil stability due to lower vigor; the delayed bowl combination of 'Moldoveneşti' and 'Aromate' varieties obtained the highest production compared to the other variants, respectively 20-25%. Cuvinte cheie: gutui, forme de coroană, soiuri.
doi:10.33045/fgr.v34.2018.15 fatcat:4wokedkpbre4jmyt54k4n5yx2m