Electromagnetic Source Imaging via a Data-Synthesis-Based Denoising Autoencoder [article]

Gexin Huang, Zhu Liang Yu, Wei Wu, Ke Liu, ZhengHui Gu, Feifei Qi, YuanQing Li, Jiawen Liang
<span title="2021-07-14">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Electromagnetic source imaging (ESI) is a highly ill-posed inverse problem. To find a unique solution, traditional ESI methods impose a variety of priors that may not reflect the actual source properties. Such limitations of traditional ESI methods hinder their further applications. Inspired by deep learning approaches, a novel data-synthesized spatio-temporal denoising autoencoder method (DST-DAE) method was proposed to solve the ESI inverse problem. Unlike the traditional methods, we utilize
more &raquo; ... neural network to directly seek generalized mapping from the measured E/MEG signals to the cortical sources. A novel data synthesis strategy is employed by introducing the prior information of sources to the generated large-scale samples using the forward model of ESI. All the generated data are used to drive the neural network to automatically learn inverse mapping. To achieve better estimation performance, a denoising autoencoder (DAE) architecture with spatio-temporal feature extraction blocks is designed. Compared with the traditional methods, we show (1) that the novel deep learning approach provides an effective and easy-to-apply way to solve the ESI problem, that (2) compared to traditional methods, DST-DAE with the data synthesis strategy can better consider the characteristics of real sources than the mathematical formulation of prior assumptions, and that (3) the specifically designed architecture of DAE can not only provide a better estimation of source signals but also be robust to noise pollution. Extensive numerical experiments show that the proposed method is superior to the traditional knowledge-driven ESI methods.
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