Protein-protein interactions of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3

Kengo Usui, Shintaro Katayama, Mutsumi Kanamori-Katayama, Chihiro Ogawa, Chikatoshi Kai, Makiko Okada, Jun Kawai, Takahiro Arakawa, Piero Carninci, Masayoshi Itoh, Koji Takio, Masashi Miyano (+4 others)
2005 Genome Biology  
Although 2,061 proteins of Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3, a hyperthermophilic archaeon, have been predicted from the recently completed genome sequence, the majority of proteins show no similarity to those from other organisms and are thus hypothetical proteins of unknown function. Because most proteins operate as parts of complexes to regulate biological processes, we systematically analyzed protein-protein interactions in Pyrococcus using the mammalian two-hybrid system to determine the function
more » ... f the hypothetical proteins. We examined 960 soluble proteins from Pyrococcus and selected 107 interactions based on luciferase reporter activity, which was then evaluated using a computational approach to assess the reliability of the interactions. We also analyzed the expression of the assay samples by western blot, and a few interactions by in vitro pull-down assays. We identified 11 hetero-interactions that we considered to be located at the same operon, as observed in Helicobacter pylori. We annotated and classified proteins in the selected interactions according to their orthologous proteins. Many enzyme proteins showed self-interactions, similar to those seen in other organisms. We found 13 unannotated proteins that interacted with annotated proteins; this information is useful for predicting the functions of the hypothetical Pyrococcus proteins from the annotations of their interacting partners. Among the heterogeneous interactions, proteins were more likely to interact with proteins within the same ortholog class than with proteins of different classes. The analysis described here can provide global insights into the biological features of the protein-protein interactions in P. horikoshii.
doi:10.1186/gb-2005-6-12-r98 pmid:16356270 pmcid:PMC1414084 fatcat:a6kmsckp3feazonvtr6zyyzwru