Spectral surface quadrangulation

Shen Dong, Peer-Timo Bremer, Michael Garland, Valerio Pascucci, John C. Hart
2006 ACM Transactions on Graphics  
a) Laplacian eigenfunction (b) Morse-Smale complex (c) Optimized complex (d) Semi-regular remeshing Figure 1: We quadrangulate a given triangle mesh by extracting the Morse-Smale complex of a selected eigenvector of the mesh Laplacian matrix. After optimizing the geometry of the base complex, we remesh the surface with a semi-regular grid of quadrilaterals. Abstract Resampling raw surface meshes is one of the most fundamental operations used by nearly all digital geometry processing systems.
more » ... vast majority of this work has focused on triangular remeshing, yet quadrilateral meshes are preferred for many surface PDE problems, especially fluid dynamics, and are best suited for defining Catmull-Clark subdivision surfaces. We describe a fundamentally new approach to the quadrangulation of manifold polygon meshes using Laplacian eigenfunctions, the natural harmonics of the surface. These surface functions distribute their extrema evenly across a mesh, which connect via gradient flow into a quadrangular base mesh. An iterative relaxation algorithm simultaneously refines this initial complex to produce a globally smooth parameterization of the surface. From this, we can construct a well-shaped quadrilateral mesh with very few extraordinary vertices. The quality of this mesh relies on the initial choice of eigenfunction, for which we describe algorithms and hueristics to efficiently and effectively select the harmonic most appropriate for the intended application.
doi:10.1145/1141911.1141993 fatcat:64nok2zdlffnlm57rmrdwua65u