In vivo and in vitro uptake and degradation of acetylated low density lipoprotein by rat liver endothelial, Kupffer, and parenchymal cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Isolation and separation of rat liver cells into endothelial, Kupffer, and parenchymal cell fractions were performed at different times after injection of human 125I-acetyl low density lipoproteins (LDL). In order to minimize degradation and redistribution of the injected lipoprotein during cell isolation, a low temperature (8 degrees C) procedure was applied. Ten min after injection, isolated endothelial cells contained 5 times more acetyl-LDL apoprotein per mg of cell protein than the Kupffer
... in than the Kupffer cells and 31 times more than the hepatocytes. A similar relative importance of the different cell types in the uptake of acetyl-LDL was observed 30 min after injection. For studies on the in vitro interaction of endothelial and Kupffer cells with acetyl-LDL, the cells were isolated with a collagenase perfusion at 37 degrees C. Pure endothelial (greater than 95%) and purified Kupffer cells (greater than 70%) were obtained by a two-step elutriation method. It is demonstrated that the rat liver endothelial cell possesses a high affinity receptor specific for the acetyl-LDL because a 35-fold excess of unlabeled acetyl-LDL inhibits association of the labeled compound for 70%, whereas unlabeled native human LDL is ineffective. Binding to the acetyl-LDL receptor is coupled to rapid uptake and degradation of the apolipoprotein. Addition of the lysosomotropic agents chloroquine (50 microM) or NH4Cl (10 mM) resulted in more than 90% inhibition of the high affinity degradation, indicating that this occurs in the lysosomes. With the purified Kupffer cell fraction, the cell association and degradation of acetyl-LDL was at least 4 times less per mg of cell protein than with the pure endothelial cells. Although cells isolated with the cold pronase technique are also still able to bind and degrade acetyl-LDL, it appeared that 40-60% of the receptors are destroyed or inactivated during the isolation procedure. It is concluded that the rat liver endothelial cell is the main cell type responsible for acetyl-LDL uptake.