Methods to Test the "Dimming Effect" Produced by a Decrease in the Number of Photons Received from Receding Light Sources
The hypothetical "Dimming Effect" describes the change of the number of photons arriving from a moving light source per unit of time. In non-relativistic systems, the "Dimming effect" may occur due to the growing distance of light sources moving away from the receiver. This means that due to the growing distance, the photons continuously require more time to reach the receiver, which reduces the number of received photons per time unit compared to the number of emitted photons.Understandably,
... e proposed "Dimming effect" must be tested (confirmed or rejected) through observations.a. This article provides the formula for the calculation of "Dimming effect" values using the redshift parameter Z widely used in astronomy.b. The "Dimming effect" can possibly be detected utilizing the orbital movement of the Earth around the Sun. In accordance to the "Dimming effect", observers on Earth will view 1.0001 more photons per time unit emitted by stars located near the ecliptic plane in the direction of the Earth orbiting the Sun. And, in contrast, observers will view only 0.9999 photons per time unit emitted by stars located near the ecliptic plane in the direction opposite to the Earth orbiting the Sun. Calculating precise measurements of the same stars within a 6-month period can possibly detect this difference. These changes in brightness are not only for specific stars, as the change in brightness takes place for all stars near the ecliptic in the direction of the Earth's orbit around the Sun and in the opposite direction.c. The "Dimming effect" can possibly be detected in a physics laboratory using a moving light source (or mirror) and photon counters located in the direction of travel and in the opposite direction.d. In theory, Dilation of time can also be used for testing the existence of the "Dimming effect." However, in experiments on Earth this effect appears in only the 14th digit after the decimal point and testing does not appear to be feasible.e. Why is it important to test the "Dimming effect?"* If confirmed, it would allow astronomers to adjust values of "Standard Candles" used in astronomy. Since "Standard Candles" are critical in various cosmological models, the "Dimming effect" can correct models and/or reveal and support new models.* If it is proved that the "Dimming effect" does not exist, it will mean that the number of photons arriving per unit of time does not depend on the speed of the light source and observer, which is not so apparent.