System- und Fertigkeitseinsatz in einem österreichischen Notarztsystem: retrospektive Studie
The continuous rise in calls for emergency physicians and the low proportion of indicated missions has led to a loss of job attractiveness, which in turn renders services in some areas unable to sufficiently staff units. This retrospective analysis evaluated the frequency of emergency and general medical interventions in a ground-based emergency physician response system. A retrospective analysis of anonymized data from the electronic documentation system of the emergency physician response
... sician response unit at the Medical University of Graz was carried out. Calls answered by emergency physicians between 2010 and 2018 were extracted, measures carried out were evaluated and categorized into three groups: specific emergency interventions (category I), general medical interventions (category II) and no medical activity (category III). The frequency of occurrence of these categories was compared and incidences of individual measures per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated. A total of 15,409 primary responses and 322 secondary transports were extracted and analyzed. The annual rate of system activation rose almost continuously from 1442 calls in 2010 to 2301 calls in 2018. The 3687 (23.4%) cancellations resulted in 12,044 patient contacts. Of these, 2842 (18%) calls were coded as category I, 7372 (47%) as category II and 5518 (35%) as category III. The frequency of specific emergency measures and general medical interventions was estimated at 157/100,000 and 409/100,000 inhabitants, respectively. No specific emergency physician interventions were required in the majority of call-outs. The current model of preclinical care does not appear to be patient-oriented and efficient. Furthermore, the low proportion of critically ill and injured patients already leads to a reduction in attractiveness for emergency physicians and may introduce the threat of quality issues due to insufficient routine experience and lack of training.