Locational Characteristics and Impact of Attenda Abattoir, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE
The study examined the locational characteristics and impacts of attenda abattoir, Ogbomoso town, Oyo state, Nigeria. This is with a view to proffering recommendations that will aid the achievement of sustainable development in the area. To achieve this, a ring of 100 meter radius was delineated around the abattoir, and a landuse inventory was done. Thereafter, observation and measurement was done daily in the abattoir for a month, excluding Sundays that operations were not carried.
... made include daily numbers of cow killed, the volume of wastewater utilised in the slaughter slab, and characteristics of the semisolid waste disposed daily. To assess the impact of the abattoir, water samples were obtained from point of discharged (POD) of waste water to the stream, 30 meters, 60 meters and 90 meters on the course of the stream. Also samples were obtained from a well each, found within 30 meters, 60 meters, and 90 meters from the abattoir. The obtained water samples were tested for pH, Conductivity, Lead, Dissolved Oxygen, Cadmium, and bacterial content such as salmonella sp. and E.coli, using the procedure of Magaji and Chup, (2012). Obtained data were subjected to descriptive statistics such as frequency count and percentage. Tables were also used to summarise data. The closest landuse to the abattoir is a 40 km stream with the setback of 2.6 meters. This setback is used as waste dump. In the abattoir, an average of 19 cows are killed daily. For this operation, an average of 1153.7 litres of wastewater is generated and discharged into the nearby stream. Hence the pH value of the stream is 5.20, 5.35, 5.41 and 5.40 respectively at POD, 30 meter, 60 meters and 90 meters respectively. Also, the concentration of Lead (Fe2+) in water samples is higher than FEPA limits of 0.01mg/l. The study recommends relocation of abattoir, urban renewal of abattoir area, and encouragement of residents and butchers to visit hospital for medical checkups. The study therefore concludes that sustainable environmental management cannot be achieved without effective landuse planning.