Clinical usefulness of anti-RNA polymerase III antibody measurement by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

Takashi Satoh, Osamu Ishikawa, Hironobu Ihn, Hirahito Endo, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Tetsuo Sasaki, Daisuke Goto, Kazuo Takahashi, Hiroki Takahashi, Yoshikata Misaki, Tsuneyo Mimori, Yoshinao Muro (+4 others)
2009 Rheumatology  
Objective. To evaluate the clinical usefulness of measuring anti-RNA polymerase (RNAP) III antibody with a commercially available ELISA in Japanese patients with SSc. Methods. This multicentre study involved 354 patients with SSc, 245 with non-SSc CTDs and 102 healthy controls. ELISAs were used to detect anti-RNAP III antibody, anti-topo I antibody and ACA. The presence of anti-RNAP III antibody in selected serum samples was confirmed by immunoprecipitation (IP) assay. Results. By ELISA,
more » ... AP III antibody was detected in 38 (10.7%) patients with SSc, 3 (1.2%) with non-SSc CTD and no healthy controls. The clinical specificity for SSc was excellent (98.8%), although a small number of false positives occurred. The sensitivity of the antitopo I and ACA ELISAs for SSc was 59.9%, which increased to 68.2% without a reduction in specificity when the anti-RNAP III measurement was added. Clinical features associated with positivity for the anti-RNAP III antibody include dcSSc, a high total skin score and a trend towards high prevalence of renal crisis, consistent with previous studies that used an IP assay. Furthermore, on clinical severity scales, SSc patients with anti-RNAP III antibody scored highest for skin and renal involvement among patients subgrouped by the presence of individual SSc-related antibodies. Conclusions. The measurement of anti-RNAP III antibody by ELISA is useful in routine clinical practice, because it helps diagnose SSc and identify a disease subset with severe skin and renal involvement.
doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kep290 pmid:19808694 fatcat:mdrd6hy47bd6lh3xqgibxwwlui