Deoxyribonucleic Acid Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Network as Humidity Sensors

Ambarish Paul, Bidhan Pramanick, Baidurya Bhattacharya, Tarun K. Bhattacharyya
2013 IEEE Sensors Journal  
In this paper, deoxyribonucleic acid functionalized carbon nanotube (DFC) network has been used to develop field effect transistor (FET)-based humidity sensor. The sensor works on the principle of variation of conductance of the DFC network with change in relative humidity. Since the output signal current of the sensor increases exponentially with increase in RH, the device offers higher sensitivity especially at higher RH. The response and recovery times of this zero gate biased FET-based
more » ... ased FET-based humidity sensor are measured to be 4 and 8 s, respectively, and offers no baseline shift during recovery, which indicates that the sensing mechanism is governed by charge transfer between the DFC and water molecules. The device is highly selective to atmospheric humidity, having no response to nitrogen and oxygen. The effect of temperature on the performance of the sensor is also studied and reported in this paper. Index Terms-Bio-functionalization, carbon nanotubes (CNT), deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), sensor.
doi:10.1109/jsen.2012.2234451 fatcat:yewvpxtju5bvlnmrwl7gncjbqa