Lifestyle correlates of low bone mineral density in Albanian women

Artur Kollcaku, Julia Kollcaku², Valbona Duraj, Teuta Backa, Argjend Tafaj
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the association of lifestyle/behavioral factors with low bone mineral density in Albanian women, a transitional country in the Western Balkans. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tirana city in 2010 including a population-based sample of 549 women aged 35 years and above (response rate: 92%). Low bone mineral density (osteopenia and/or osteoporosis defined as a bone mineral density T-score less than-1) was assessed with a bone ultrasound
more » ... a bone ultrasound device which is simple and easy to use for screening of bone mineral density in population-based studies. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the relationship of low bone mineral density with behavioral factors in this study population. Results: The prevalence of low bone mineral density in this study population was 28.4% (156/549). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models, low bone mineral density was positively associated with smoking (OR=4.1, 95%CI=2.2-7.4) and coffee consumption (OR=2.3, 95%CI=1.3-4.1), but inversely related to overweight and obesity (OR=0.4, 95%CI=0.2-0.7 and OR=0.3, 95%CI=0.2-0.6, respectively). Conclusion: This study offers useful evidence about the lifestyle/behavioral determinants of low bone mineral density among women in this transitional South Eastern European population. Health professionals and policymakers in Albania should be aware of the major behavioral factors which increase the risk of low bone mineral density in order to provide correct treatment and control of this condition in the general population.