The Effect of DMEM and DMEM:F12 Culture Media on the Growth of SH-SY5Y Cells

Aishah Mohammed Izham, Jasmine Siew Min Chia, Sharmili Vidyadaran, Mohd Roslan Sulaiman, B Hemabarathy Bharatham
2018 Life Sciences, Medicine and Biomedicine  
The human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y cells, derived from the parental SK-N-SH cell line, is commonly used as an in vitro model for neuroscience and neurobiology research. Since SH-SY5Y cells are widely cultured for research, several different culture media have been used to optimize the growth of the cells, including Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium (EMEM), Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) and other recently developed culture media. SH-SY5Y cells has the ability to reach
more » ... y to reach confluency in culture flasks ranges from 5 days to 15 days, depending on the culture media used. Hence, the optimization of the culture media is crucial to achieve the fastest growth rate for the cells. The objective of the study is to evaluate the culture media for the proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells. We compared the growth rate of SH-SY5Y cells cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with 15% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum (hiFBS), Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium: Nutrient mixture F-12 (DMEM:F12) + supplemented with 15% hiFBS and DMEM:F12 supplemented with 10% hiFBS. In DMEM:F12 supplemented with 15% hiFBS, cells grew up to 6.67E+05 cells. In DMEM:F12 supplemented with 10% hiFBS, cells grew up to 5.28E+05 cells. In DMEM supplemented with 15% hiFBS, the cells grew up to 4.76E+05 cells. There was a significant difference between culture media DMEM:F12 supplemented with 15% hiFBS as compared to DMEM:F12 supplemented with 10%hiFBS and DMEM supplemented with 15% hiFBS (p<0.05) following 24h incubation. However, there is no significant difference between DMEM:F12 supplemented with 10%hiFBS as compared to DMEM supplemented with 15% hiFBS (p>0.05). We found that DMEM:F12 supplemented with 15% hiFBS could serve as an optimized culture media for high proliferation rate of SH-SY5Y cells.
doi:10.28916/lsmb.2.3.2018.23 fatcat:dete7tfy6jbbjeysupe6i2xwo4