How Do Employers Choose between Types of Contingent Work? Costs, Control, and Institutional Toying

Chiara Benassi, Andreas Kornelakis
2020 Industrial & labor relations review  
The increasing variety of contingent work raises the question of how employers choose between various types of contractual arrangements. The authors review relevant Employment Relations and Strategic HRM literature and distinguish four types of contingent contracts along the dimensions of costs and control. They argue that employers are making choices based on cost and control constraints but are able to reshape these constraints through "institutional toying." Their case study of a German
more » ... acturing plant and R&D center illustrates the mechanisms of institutional toying, which are consistent with the literature on institutional loopholes and exit options. The article develops propositions that explain the diversity of contingent work arrangements and show how toying strategies enlarge the range of options available to employers.
doi:10.1177/0019793920944910 fatcat:si3xcdq3szaoxg4gzg3hq7kynm