Parenclitic Network Analysis of Methylation Data for Cancer Identification

Alexander Karsakov, Thomas Bartlett, Artem Ryblov, Iosif Meyerov, Mikhail Ivanchenko, Alexey Zaikin, Jianhua Ruan
2017 PLoS ONE  
We make use of ideas from the theory of complex networks to implement a machine learning classification of human DNA methylation data, that carry signatures of cancer development. The data were obtained from patients with various kinds of cancers and represented as parenclictic networks, wherein nodes correspond to genes, and edges are weighted according to pairwise variation from control group subjects. We demonstrate that for the 10 types of cancer under study, it is possible to obtain a high
more » ... performance of binary classification between cancer-positive and negative samples based on network measures. Remarkably, an accuracy as high as 93-99% is achieved with only 12 network topology indices, in a dramatic reduction of complexity from the original 15295 gene methylation levels. Moreover, it was found that the parenclictic networks are scale-free in cancer-negative subjects, and deviate from the power-law node degree distribution in cancer. The node centrality ranking and arising modular structure could provide insights into the systems biology of cancer.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169661 pmid:28107365 pmcid:PMC5249089 fatcat:dby5ybsqobflrmvkyzsoxelh6a