Using Data Mining to Detect Health Care Fraud and Abuse: A Review of Literature

Hossein Joudaki, Arash Rashidian, Behrouz Minaei-Bidgoli, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Bijan Geraili, Mahdi Nasiri, Mohammad Arab
2014 Global Journal of Health Science  
Inappropriate payments by insurance organizations or third party payers occur because of errors, abuse and fraud. The scale of this problem is large enough to make it a priority issue for health systems. Traditional methods of detecting health care fraud and abuse are time-consuming and inefficient. Combining automated methods and statistical knowledge lead to the emergence of a new interdisciplinary branch of science that is named Knowledge Discovery from Databases (KDD). Data mining is a core
more » ... of the KDD process. Data mining can help third-party payers such as health insurance organizations to extract useful information from thousands of claims and identify a smaller subset of the claims or claimants for further assessment. We reviewed studies that performed data mining techniques for detecting health care fraud and abuse, using supervised and unsupervised data mining approaches. Most available studies have focused on algorithmic data mining without an emphasis on or application to fraud detection efforts in the context of health service provision or health insurance policy. More studies are needed to connect sound and evidence-based diagnosis and treatment approaches toward fraudulent or abusive behaviors. Ultimately, based on available studies, we recommend seven general steps to data mining of health care claims.
doi:10.5539/gjhs.v7n1p194 pmid:25560347 pmcid:PMC4796421 fatcat:ihkxwrhmbfewti2jtu7tkxrdva