Channel Modelling for V2V Highway Scenario Based on Birth and Death Process

Yi Feng, Ning Ge, Xiaoming Tao, Qiwei Song, Tao Xiang
2022 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication has been widely researched recently since the potential abilities of improving traffic efficiency and reducing accident rates. Since the high vehicle mobility, a huge number of accidents happen on highway. So, it is necessary to study the highway channel characteristic to ensure the driving safety. Due to the high speed of vehicles, there exists serious nonstationarity of highway channel, leading to the dissatisfaction of the wide-scene stationary
more » ... ted scattering (WSSUS) assumption. Thus, a distant channel model is needed. In this paper, we carried out a measurement campaign of highway channel. Based on the measured data, we conduct a birth and death channel model, which is depicted by Markov chain. We propose the first-order model and the second-order model, respectively. The steady probabilities and transition probabilities are given. To compare the two models, we utilize the multipath living time and Kullback-Leibler (KL) distance. What is more, autocorrelation function (ACF) is used to describe the nonstationarity.
doi:10.1155/2022/3384362 doaj:a920365741c94575a3705fa1ecf6c78b fatcat:f75femd7fndorl34egbchb4kxi