Deep Learning Explicit Differentiable Predictive Control Laws for Buildings [article]

Jan Drgona, Aaron Tuor, Soumya Vasisht, Elliott Skomski, Draguna Vrabie
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present a differentiable predictive control (DPC) methodology for learning constrained control laws for unknown nonlinear systems. DPC poses an approximate solution to multiparametric programming problems emerging from explicit nonlinear model predictive control (MPC). Contrary to approximate MPC, DPC does not require supervision by an expert controller. Instead, a system dynamics model is learned from the observed system's dynamics, and the neural control law is optimized offline by
more » ... ng the differentiable closed-loop system model. The combination of a differentiable closed-loop system and penalty methods for constraint handling of system outputs and inputs allows us to optimize the control law's parameters directly by backpropagating economic MPC loss through the learned system model. The control performance of the proposed DPC method is demonstrated in simulation using learned model of multi-zone building thermal dynamics.
arXiv:2107.11843v1 fatcat:mich22qxp5bchmwv32sdcynr2e