Different processes shape prokaryotic and picoeukaryotic assemblages in the sunlit ocean microbiome [article]

Ramiro Logares, Ina M. Deutschmann, Caterina R Giner, Anders Kristian Krabberød, Thomas S. B. Schmidt, Laura Rubinat-Ripoll, Mireia Mestre, Guillem Salazar, Clara Ruiz González, Marta Sebastián, Colomban de Vargas, Silvia G. Acinas (+3 others)
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The smallest members of the sunlit-ocean microbiome (prokaryotes and picoeukaryotes) participate in a plethora of ecosystem functions with planetary-scale effects. Understanding the processes determining the spatial turnover of this assemblage can help us better comprehend the links between microbiome species composition and ecosystem function. Ecological theory predicts that selection, dispersal and drift are main drivers of species distributions, yet, the relative quantitative importance of
more » ... ese ecological processes in structuring the surface-ocean microbiome is barely known. Here we quantified the role of selection, dispersal and drift in structuring surface-ocean prokaryotic and picoeukaryotic assemblages by using community DNA-sequence data collected during the global Malaspina expedition. We found that dispersal limitation was the dominant process structuring picoeukaryotic communities, while a balanced combination of dispersal limitation, selection and drift shaped prokaryotic counterparts. Subsequently, we determined the agents exerting abiotic selection as well as the spatial patterns emerging from the action of different ecological processes. We found that selection exerted via temperature had a strong influence on the structure of prokaryotic communities, particularly on species co-occurrences, a pattern not observed among communities of picoeukaryotes. Other measured abiotic variables had limited selective effects on microbiome structure. Picoeukaryotes presented a higher differentiation between neighbouring communities and a higher distance-decay when compared to prokaryotes, agreeing with their higher dispersal limitation. Finally, drift seemed to have a limited role in structuring the sunlit-ocean microbiome. The different predominance of ecological processes acting on particular subsets of the ocean microbiome suggests uneven responses to environmental change.
doi:10.1101/374298 fatcat:3hx3faabpvhppfqurr7bds35ei