Experimental Design Supported Liposomal Aztreonam Delivery: In Vitro Studies
Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Purpose: The present study focuses on a systemic approach to develop liposomal aztreonam as a promising dosage form for inhalation therapy in the treatment of pneumonia and explores the in-vitro antimicrobial and cell uptake efficacy. Methods: Liposomes were prepared by ethanol injection method using the lipids - soya phosphatidylcholine (SP) and cholesterol (CH). A central composite design (CCD) was employed to optimize the lipid composition to evaluate the effect on vesicle size, zeta
... size, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency of the formulation. A numerical and graphical optimization was carried out to predict the optimized blend. The optimized formulation was characterized for vesicle size, surface charge, encapsulation, surface morphology, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X Ray Diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), in vitro diffusion, accelerated stability studies, antimicrobial studies on Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIM 2200 and in vitro cell uptake studies. Results: The optimized formulation was found to have a particle size of 144 nm, a surface charge of -35 mV, with satisfactory drug entrapment. The surface morphology study proved the formation of nanosized vesicles. The drug release from liposomal matrix was biphasic in nature. The solid-state study revealed the reason for good encapsulation of drug. The moisture retention capacity was found to be minimum. The anti-microbial study revealed the potential antibacterial activity of the optimized formulation over the pure drug. The formulation was found to be safe on the epithelial cells and showed a marked increase in cellular uptake of aztreonam in a lipid carrier. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the optimized liposomal aztreonam could be considered as a promising approach for the delivery of aztreonam through inhalation.