The development potential of goat for poverty reduction in Windusari Subdistrict, Magelang Regency
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment
This research was conducted in two villages with poor category, Wonoroto and Ngemplak villages, Windusari subdistrict of Magelang regency, aiming to know the potential of local resources for the development of goats, in order to eradicate poverty. Primary data were taken by census of 35 goat farmers in the two villages, while competitor's livestock data were sampled on 50 sheep breeder. Cattle competitors' data were calculated based on monograph data of two research villages. The data analysis
... as done descriptively on the production of forage (in dry matter), goats population on adult, young and kid phase. Based on the results of the research, it was known that every household of goat farmers had production of feed sources (dry matter) for ruminant livestock as much as 1954.87 kg. Thus, the capacities of livestock per household were 0.85 animal unit equivalent to 6 adult goats or 1 head of heifers. It was found that the average land that produced fodder for two villages was 350.77 ha. The production of forage (DM) in Ngemplak and Wonoroto villages in one year averaged 363.05 ton/year or total of two villages was 726.10 ton/year, then the two areas had the capacity of livestock as much as 315.69 AU or about 157.85 AU for each village. The performance of goat reproductive in two areas, the average sex ratio was 1: 6.5, with the first kidding of 18 months, the kidding interval of 8.9 months and littersize 1.3. It is concluded that each goat-raiser family is still possible to increase its ownership, the area of two poor villages is still able to accommodate goats as much as 8,275 AU, with reproduction status which still needs to improve again.