Minimum projective linearizations of trees in linear time [article]

Lluís Alemany-Puig, Juan Luis Esteban, Ramon Ferrer-i-Cancho
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The Minimum Linear Arrangement problem (MLA) consists of finding a mapping π from vertices of a graph to distinct integers that minimizes ∑_{u,v}∈ E|π(u) - π(v)|. In that setting, vertices are often assumed to lie on a horizontal line and edges are drawn as semicircles above said line. For trees, various algorithms are available to solve the problem in polynomial time in n=|V|. There exist variants of the MLA in which the arrangements are constrained. Iordanskii, and later Hochberg and
more » ... (HS), put forward O(n)-time algorithms that solve the problem when arrangements are constrained to be planar (also known as one-page book embeddings). We also consider linear arrangements of rooted trees that are constrained to be projective (planar embeddings where the root is not covered by any edge). Gildea and Temperley (GT) sketched an algorithm for projective arrangements which they claimed runs in O(n) but did not provide any justification of its cost. In contrast, Park and Levy claimed that GT's algorithm runs in O(n log d_max) where d_max is the maximum degree but did not provide sufficient detail. Here we correct an error in HS's algorithm for the planar case, show its relationship with the projective case, and derive simple algorithms for the projective and planar cases that run without a doubt in O(n) time.
arXiv:2102.03277v4 fatcat:uotj5jiwbfbclguwc5odlriwqe