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<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hq6x4whtd5hhlhsxzculyeamey" style="color: black;">Science of Computer Programming</a>
Please cite this article in press as: H.R. Jordan et al., A feature model of actor, agent, functional, object, and procedural programming languages, Science of Computer Programming (2014), http://dx. Highlights • A survey of existing programming language comparisons and comparison techniques. • Definitions of actor, agent, functional, object, and procedural programming concepts. • A feature model of general-purpose programming languages. • Mappings from five languages (C, Erlang, Haskell,<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scico.2014.02.009">doi:10.1016/j.scico.2014.02.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f7odvseunfcezjsa376q7mrn74">fatcat:f7odvseunfcezjsa376q7mrn74</a> </span>
more »... and Java) to this model. Abstract The number of programming languages is large  and steadily increasing  . However, little structured information and empirical evidence is available to help software engineers assess the suitability of a language for a particular development project or software architecture. We argue that these shortages are partly due to a lack of high-level, objective programming language feature assessment criteria: existing advice to practitioners is often based on ill-defined notions of 'paradigms' [3, p.xiii] and 'orientation' , while researchers lack a shared common basis for generalisation and synthesis of empirical results. This paper presents a feature model constructed from the programmer's perspective, which can be used to precisely compare general-purpose programming languages in the actor-oriented, agent-oriented, functional, object-oriented, and procedural categories. The feature model is derived from the existing literature on general concepts of programming, and validated with concrete mappings of well-known languages in each of these categories. The model is intended to act as a tool for both practitioners and researchers, to facilitate both further high-level comparative studies of programming languages, and detailed investigations of feature usage and efficacy in specific development contexts.
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