Quantitative evaluation of macromolecular crowding environment based on translational and rotational diffusion using polarization dependent fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

Johtaro Yamamoto, Akito Matsui, Fusako Gan, Makoto Oura, Riku Ando, Takahiro Matsuda, Jian Ping Gong, Masataka Kinjo
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractMacromolecular crowding (MMC) in cells is a hot topic in biology; therefore, well-characterized measurement standards for the evaluation of the nano-environment in MMC solutions are necessary. We propose to use polarization-dependent fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (Pol-FCS) for evaluation of macromolecular crowding in solutions. Pol-FCS can simultaneously measure the relaxation times of rotational and translational diffusion of fluorescent molecules at the same position, even in
more » ... iving cells with low damage. In this report, the differences in the nano-environment among solutions of small molecules, gels, and MMC solutions were evaluated by comparing their rotational and translational diffusion using Pol-FCS. Moreover, this method could distinguish the phase shift in the polyethylene glycol solution. Finally, we separately evaluated the nano-environment in the cytosol and nucleus of living cells in different cell lines and cell cycles. We expect this evaluation method to be useful in characterizing the nano-environment in MMC studies. In addition, the proposed method may be useful for other nano-environments such as liquid–liquid phase separation.
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-89987-7 pmid:34011998 fatcat:rjcvhupu6vfpdha6aw5t5wlryy