Amygdala network dysfunction in late-life depression phenotypes: Relationships with symptom dimensions

Wenjun Li, B. Douglas Ward, Chunming Xie, Jennifer L. Jones, Piero G. Antuono, Shi-Jiang Li, Joseph S. Goveas
2015 Journal of Psychiatric Research  
The amygdala, a crucial hub of the emotional processing neural system, has been implicated in late-life depression (LLD) pathophysiology. However, the overlapping and diverging amygdala network function abnormalities underlying two clinical LLD phenotypes (i.e., LLD alone and LLD with mild cognitive impairment [LLD-MCI]) are unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the amygdala functional connectivity (FC) differences between LLD alone, LLD-MCI and healthy controls, and to examine the
more » ... lationships between amygdala network dysfunction and symptom dimensions. A resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging study was conducted to probe amygdala FC in a total of 63 elderly participants (LLD [n=22], LLD-MCI [n=15], and age-and gender-equated healthy older adults [n=26]) using a seed-based voxelwise R-fcMRI approach. LLD-only adults showed increased FC in the posterior default mode and vermis, and diminished connections in the fronto-parietal, salience and temporal areas, relative to controls. The LLD-MCI participants showed diminished FC in the default mode, cognitive control, salience and visual regions, whereas increased FC was limited to lateral parietal cortex compared with healthy controls. The LLD-MCI group also showed diminished FC in the occipital and posterior default mode areas, relative to the LLD-only group. Distinct amygdala FC abnormalities that explain depressive and anxiety symptom severity, and executive functioning were identified. The amygdala FC impairments may distinguish LLD phenotypes. These functional network abnormalities may also explain the heterogeneity seen in the LLD clinical presentations.
doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.09.002 pmid:26424431 pmcid:PMC4605880 fatcat:cflqborkinauxdxut4irsaf2cm