Characterization of incubation experiments and development of an enrichment culture capable of ammonium oxidation under iron-reducing conditions

S. Huang, P. R. Jaffé
2015 Biogeosciences  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Incubation experiments were conducted using soil samples from a forested riparian wetland where we have previously observed anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to iron reduction. Production of both nitrite and ferrous iron was measured repeatedly during incubations when the soil slurry was supplied with either ferrihydrite or goethite and ammonium chloride. Significant changes in the microbial community were observed after 180 days of incubation as well as in a
more » ... as well as in a continuous flow membrane reactor, using 16S rRNA gene PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, 454 pyrosequencing, and real-time quantitative PCR analysis. We be <i>Acidimicrobiaceae</i> bacterium A6), belonging to the <i>Acidimicrobiaceae</i> family, whose closest cultivated relative is <i>Ferrimicrobium acidiphilum</i> (with 92% identity) and <i>Acidimicrobium</i> <i>ferrooxidans</i> (with 90% identity), might play a key role in this anaerobic biological process that uses ferric iron as an electron acceptor while oxidizing ammonium to nitrite. After ammonium was oxidized to nitrite, nitrogen loss proceeded via denitrification and/or anammox.</p>
doi:10.5194/bg-12-769-2015 fatcat:64wkyetjorbi7cjp7d4eaz7thi