Quantum quench in the Luttinger model with finite temperature initial state

Ádám Bácsi, Balázs Dóra
2013 Physical Review B  
We study the non-equilibrium dynamics of the Luttinger model after a quantum quench, when the initial state is a finite temperature thermal equilibrium state. The diagonal elements of the density matrix in the steady state show thermal features for high temperature initial states only, otherwise retain highly non-thermal character. The time evolution of Uhlmann fidelity, which measures the distance between the time evolved and initial states, is evaluated for arbitrary initial temperatures and
more » ... l temperatures and quench protocols. In the long time limit, the overlap between the time evolved and initial system decreases exponentially with the temperature with a universal prefactor. Within perturbation theory, the statistics of final total energy and work are numerically evaluated in the case of a sudden quench, which yield identical distributions at zero temperature. In both statistics, temperature effects are more significant in small systems. The Dirac-delta peak at the adiabatic ground state energy remains present in the probability distribution of the total energy, but disappears from the work distribution at non-zero initial temperatures.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.88.155115 fatcat:7nof6et4zfa7rl5tdyb7firsuu