Passive Strategies to Improve the Comfort Conditions in a Geodesic Dome

Frank Florez, Pedro Fernández-de-Córdoba, John Taborda, Juan Carlos Castro-Palacio, José Luis Higón-Calvet, M. Jezabel Pérez-Quiles
2021 Mathematics  
Non-conventional thermal zones are low-cost and ecology friendly alternatives to the housing needs of populations in various situations, such as surviving natural disasters or addressing homelessness. However, it is necessary to guarantee thermal comfort for occupants, while aiming to minimize energy consumption and wastage in refrigeration systems. To reduce the cooling requirements in non-conventional thermal zones it is necessary to model the structure and analyze the principal factors
more » ... buting to internal temperature. In this paper, a geodesic dome is modellingusing the lumped parameter technique. This structure is composed of a wooden skeleton and wooden floor, with a canvas surface as its exterior. The mathematical model was tuned using experimental data, and its parameters were classified using Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis. The mathematical model was used to evaluate the impact on internal temperature and occupants' comfort when two strategies are considered. The results obtained indicatee internal temperature reductions down to a range of 7% to 11%; this result is reflected directly in the energy used to refrigerate the thermal zone, contributing to the objective of providing houses with lower energy consumption.
doi:10.3390/math9060663 fatcat:a7ck55mkhva4fijy372knmng6q