Influences of stocking density and dietary probiotic supplementation on growing Japanese quail performance

KHALID M. MAHROSE, MOHAMED E. ABD ELHACK, SAMIR A. MAHGOUB, FATEN A. M. ATTIA
2019 Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências  
How to cite: MAHROSe KM, AlAgAWANY M, ABD el-HACK Me, MAHgOUB SA AND ATTIA FAM. 2019. Influences of stocking density and dietary probiotic supplementation on growing Japanese quail performance. An Acad Bras Cienc 91: e20180616. Abstract: This study investigated the effects of stocking density and dietary supplementation of probiotic (Lactobacillus) on growth, traits of carcass, lymphoid organs and intestinal microbial count of Japanese quail. Quail chicks (one week old) were randomly allotted
more » ... randomly allotted to 6 groups in a 2×3 factorial experiment included 2 levels of stocking density (100, and 75 cm2/bird) and 3 levels of probiotic (0.00, 0.02 and 0.04 g/kg diet). Quail reared at 100 cm2/ bird showed significantly the highest body weight and daily gain. Quail reared at 75 cm2/ bird had significantly the lower average of feed consumption and the best ratio of feed conversion. Increasing level of probiotic up to 0.04 g/kg led to a significant decrease in dressing percentage by about 2.7 % compared to the control. Interaction effect was insignificant on carcass traits studied except for liver percentage which was significantly higher for birds fed diet supplemented with probiotic at 0.04 g/kg of diet and reared at 100 cm2/bird. Rearing quail at 100 cm2/bird stocking density significantly increased bursa weight. Birds fed diet supplemented with probiotic at 0.02 g/kg of diet and reared at 100 cm2/bird showed significantly the highest (p = 0.043) spleen weight when compared with the other groups. In conclusion, the low (100 cm2/bird) stocking density was sufficient to give better performance of Japanese quail than the other group. Probiotic supplementation diminished the stressful effect of crowding on growing Japanese quail.
doi:10.1590/0001-3765201920180616 fatcat:qxogtwwfi5h7tbgpvwzpaw4sii