Bin2vec: Learning Representations of Binary Executable Programs for Security Tasks [article]

Shushan Arakelyan, Sima Arasteh, Christophe Hauser, Erik Kline, Aram Galstyan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Tackling binary program analysis problems has traditionally implied manually defining rules and heuristics, a tedious and time-consuming task for human analysts. In order to improve automation and scalability, we propose an alternative direction based on distributed representations of binary programs with applicability to a number of downstream tasks. We introduce Bin2vec, a new approach leveraging Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) along with computational program graphs in order to learn a
more » ... h dimensional representation of binary executable programs. We demonstrate the versatility of this approach by using our representations to solve two semantically different binary analysis tasks - functional algorithm classification and vulnerability discovery. We compare the proposed approach to our own strong baseline as well as published results and demonstrate improvement over state-of-the-art methods for both tasks. We evaluated Bin2vec on 49191 binaries for the functional algorithm classification task, and on 30 different CWE-IDs including at least 100 CVE entries each for the vulnerability discovery task. We set a new state-of-the-art result by reducing the classification error by 40% compared to the source-code-based inst2vec approach, while working on binary code. For almost every vulnerability class in our dataset, our prediction accuracy is over 80% (and over 90% in multiple classes).
arXiv:2002.03388v2 fatcat:jgbkymwohrax3nkm5a2biqwub4