GAMBARAN STATUS GIZI DAN PROFIL DARAH PETUGAS OPERATOR SPBU YANG TERPAPAR GAS BUANG (PB) KENDARAAN BERMOTOR DI KOTA SEMARANG Nutritional Status and Blood Profile Description of Gas Station Workers Exposure to Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gas (Lead) in Semarang City

Mifbakhuddin
unpublished
Lead (Pb) constitutes as main pollutant in the air of the cities except sulphur dioxide (SO2), suspended particulate matter, nitrogen oxide (NOX), and carbon monoxide (CO). The impacts of lead (Pb) exposure to health are kidney disorder, hypertension, anemia, central nerve disorder, behaviourial changes, fertility disorder, miscarriage, child's IQ decrease, and the obstruction in the formation of hemoglobin. Objective of this study is to describe blood profile and nutrition status of gas
more » ... tatus of gas station workers exposure in the easternt Semarang City. This is a cross sectional study which use 39 people as samples.9 people. variable is blood profile and the nutrition status. Results, the blood profile catch with the level of haemoglobin, leucosyt, hematocrit, erytrocite, MCV, MCH, MCHC, still in normal level, nutritional status most of gas station workers still normal. In conclusion, no significant correlation between blood profile (haemoglobin, leucosyt, hematocrit, erytrocite, MCV, MCHC with nutrition status, the significant correlation blood profile (MCH) and nutrition status. Suggestion, it is recommended that the gas station worker swear the self protective device (masker) while working in the gas station order to reduce the exposure of lead (Pb) from the motor vehicle exhaust and perform regular medical checkup with certain interval (at least once a year). ABSTRAK Plumbum merupakan polutan udara utama di udara perkotaan selain sulphur dioksida (SO2), partikulat tersuspensi (suspended particulate matter), nitrogen oksida (NOX), dan karbon monoksida (CO). Dampak paparan Pb terhadap kesehatan adalah kerusakan ginjal, hipertensi, anemia, kerusakan saraf pusat, perubahan tingkah laku, gangguan fertilitas, keguguran janin, menurunkan IQ anak serta memghambat pembentukan Hemoglobin. Mengetahui hubungan tingkat paparan plumbum dengan profil darah pada petugas operator SPBU di Kota Semarang Timur. Metode, penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan 39 sampel. Variabel independen penelitian kadar plumbum dalam darah, variabel dependen profil darah dan variabel pengganggu riwayat sakit, intake energi, protein, vitamin B12, asam folat, vitamin C, riwayat sakit, kebiasaan minum teh, pemakaian obat, pemkaian APD, kebiasaan merokok dan konsumsi alkohol. Hasil penelitian, retata kadar Pb darah adalah 13,35 µg/dl, profil darah mencakup kadar Hb, leukosit, trombosit, hematokrit, eritrosit, MCV, MCH, MCHC masih dalam batas normal, variabel plumbum dalam darah berhubungan dengan kadar hemoglobin dan kadar hematokrit. Kesimpulan, kadar plumbum dalam darah di atas normal merupakan faktor risiko menurunkan kadar hemoglobin dan hematokrit masing-masing 1,388 kali dan 1,58 dibandingkan dengan kadar plumbum dalam darahnya normal. Saran, dalam bekerja sebaiknya petugas SPBU menggunakan APD (masker) untuk mengurangi paparan plumbum dari gas buang kendaraan bermotor, dan melakukan pemantauan kesehatan yang teratur dengan interval tertentu (minimal 1 tahun sekali). Kata kunci : Status gizi, profile darah, gas buang PENDAHULUAN Plumbum (Pb) atau secara umum dikenal dengan sebutan timah hitam merupakan sumber polutan udara utama di udara perkotaan selain sulphur dioksida (SO2), partikulat tersuspensi (Suspended
fatcat:ykh7uh3panhh3c7jesopmngfim