Early Discoverers XX: Warmund Ygl's Map of Tirol and Other Early Maps of Glaciers
Journal of Glaciology
THE Osterreichische Alpenverein celebrated its hundredth anniversary in 1962 and in commemoration of this event a new edition ofYgl's map of Tiro I was published (Ygl, 1962 ) . Warmund Ygl's family were of Tirolese descent, and had estates at Volderturn near Hall, but later he moved to Prague where the original m ap was made in 1604-05. The date of Y gl 's birth is not known; he died in 161 I. The map consists of nine sheets, on a scale of I: 247,000, each sheet measuring about 38.5 X 28·5 cm.
... ut 38.5 X 28·5 cm. In addition there are three large sheets giving a detailed list of the geographical features of Tirol ; there is in addition a long dedication of the map to his " Invincible and Almighty Roman Kaiser Rudolf II". Professor Hans Kinzl of the Geographisches Institut, Leopold-Franzens-Universitat Innsbruck, has written a studied and detailed article of 47 pages to accompany the map, describing its origin, its features , the sources from which it stemmed and the results accruing from its publication. The outlines of the map appear to be based upon the network of the Tirolese rivers which in those days offered better thoroughfare than the then impenetrable mountains. These latter appear only in the form of tiny mounds which Professor Kinzl describes as looking like mole-hills. Other than rivers the main features of the map are the settlements, most of which are still today known by their original names. With more than 2,000 of these, the map forms a useful basis for some knowledge of the history of Tiro!' The original map, so far as is known, is only in the possession of three institutions, the Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek in Vienna (from which the new edition has been printed ), the Museum Ferdinandeum at Innsbruck, and the Niedersachsische Staats-und Universitatsbibliothek at G6ttingen. But it has been known in some quarters for a long time, particularly owing to its original geographical presentation of the Tirolese alpine glacier system. In the district of the Otztal and Stubaier Alps Y gl drew an enormous mass of ice interspersed by what appear to be large crevasses. This ice mass is entitled " D er Gros;::, Verner" and " Glacies continua et perpetua". This is shown in Figure I which is here reproduced from the original map in an article by Dr. J. M. Thorington (1930).