Self-Care Behaviors and Health Indicators in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

Lidia Guadalupe Compeán Ortiz, Esther Carlota Gallegos Cabriales, José Gerardo González González, Marco Vinicio Gómez Meza
2010 Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem  
This descriptive correlational study aimed to analyze self-care behaviors and their relationship with health indicators represented by glycemic control, lipid profile, Body Mass Index [BMI], waist circumference and body fat percentage in a sample of 98 adults with type 2 diabetes in an area of Nuevo Leon, Mexico (August 2005/May 2006). The results showed a low self-care behaviors index (<img border=0 width=11 height=14 id="_x0000_i1026" src="../../../img/revistas/rlae/v18n4/symbol.gif"
more » ... ymbol.gif" align=absmiddle > or = 36.94, SD=15.14). A significant relationship was found between self-care behaviors and glycosilated hemoglobin [HbA1c] (r s=-.379, p<.001), triglycerides (r s=-.208, p=.040), BMI (r s=-.248, p=.014) and body fat percentage (r s=-.221, p=.029). Multivariate analysis revealed the influence of self-care behaviors on HbA1c, BMI and body fat percentage with explained variances of 9 to 41% (p < .05). From all self-care dimensions, diet was the most predictive for health indicators, moderated by gender and understanding of diabetes contents (p< .05).
doi:10.1590/s0104-11692010000400003 pmid:20922312 fatcat:w62y2m2s5jdztgvcuxzb4ndoym