The leucocytes, neutrophils and superoxydes dismutase (SOD) level after consuming guava juice ( Psidium guajava L) during aerobic exercise for beginners
Journal of the Medical Sciences
Ulvie et al., The leucocytes, neutrophils and superoxydes dismutase (SOD) level after consuming guava juice (Psidium guajava L) during aerobic exercise for beginners ABSTRACT Physical exercise is important in preventing and adjunctive therapy certain diseases. However, over physical exercise for beginners may cause oxidative stress and muscle injury leads to generate chemoattractants whic enables to attract neutrophil and monocyte towards the injury and stimulates leucocytes activation. The use
... of antioxidant-rich fruits to mitigate exercise induced oxidative stress has been applied. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of guava juice (Psidium guajava L) consumption during aerobic exercise on leucocytes, neutrophils and superoxydes dismutase (SOD) level of beginners. Sixteen students of National Land College (Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional/STPN), Yogyakarta who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups i.e. a group given mineral water as control and another group given 240 mL guava juice 0.67 g/mL daily for 27 days as treatment group. Both groups then underwent aerobic exercise for 30 minutes every day for 27 days. Blood samples were taken before and after exercise on day 1, 7 and 14 for leucocyte and nutrophil count as well as SOD analysis. The leucocyte count and SOD level before and after exercise in both Guava juice and Mineral water groups were not significantly different (p>0.05). However, the percentage of neutrophil on day 1 and 7 were significantly higher than that in Mineral water group (p<0.05). Moreover, during the exercise, the percentage of neutrophils in Guava juice group significantly increased (p<0.05), whereas in Mineral water group was not significantly different (p>0.05). It can be concluded that consuming guava juice during exercise for the beginners does not influence leucocyte count and SOD levels. However, it can increase percentage of neutrophil. untuk pemeriksaan leukosit, neutrofil dan kadar SOD darah. Jumlah leukosit dan kadar SOD darah sebelum dan setelah aerobik pada kelompok yang diberi jus jambu merah dan air mineral tidak berbeda nyata (p>0.05). Namun demikian, persentase neutrofil pada hari ke 1 dan 7 aerobik lebih tinggi nyata dibandingkan dengan air mineral (p<0.05). Selin itu, selam aerobik persentase neutrofil pada kelompok yang diberi jus jambu merah naik secara nyata (p<0.05), sedangkan pada kelompok yang diberi air mineral tidak berbeda nyata (p>0.05). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa konsumsi jus buah merah selama latihan fisik bagi pemula tidak mempengaruhi leukosit dan kadar SOD secara nyata, tetapi dapat meningkatkan persentase neutrofil.