Don't overthink: fast decision making combined with behavior variability perceived as more human-like [post]

Serena Marchesi, Jairo Pérez-Osorio, Davide De Tommaso, Agnieszka Wykowska
2020 unpublished
Understanding the human cognitive processes involved in the interaction with artificial agents is crucial for designing socially capable robots. During social interactions, humans tend to explain and predict others' behavior adopting the intentional stance, that is, assuming that mental states drive behavior. However, the question of whether humans would adopt the same strategy with artificial agents remains unanswered. The present study aimed at identifying whether the type of behavior
more » ... of behavior exhibited by the robot has an impact on the attribution of mentalistic explanations of behavior. We employed the Instance Questionnaire (ISQ) pre and post-observation of two types of behavior (decisive or hesitant). We found that decisive behavior, with rare and unexpected "hesitant" behaviors lead to more mentalistic attributions relative to behavior that was primarily hesitant. Findings suggest that higher expectations regarding the robots' capabilities and the characteristics of the behavior might lead to more mentalistic descriptions.
doi:10.31234/osf.io/vz2pt fatcat:kw5rwpfxtze5lclyofqsocwhei