Infrared spectroscopic study of C2F6 monolayers and bilayers on graphite
Journal of Chemical Physics
We report an experimental study of adsorbed films of C 2 F 6 on graphite by using infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy supplemented by ellipsometry. The vibrational C-F stretch modes 5 ͑parallel to the molecular axis͒ and 7 ͑perpendicular͒ in the film are strongly blueshifted by dynamic dipole coupling, and these shifts are sensitive to lattice spacing and molecular tilt. The relative strength of the absorption peaks mainly depends on the tilt angle relative to the surface normal. We use
... the strength data to estimate the tilt angle across the known monolayer phases, information that is difficult to obtain by other techniques. Although only the surface-normal component of the induced dipole moment appreciably couples to the external infrared field, surface-parallel components contribute to the intralayer coupling and hence to the frequency shifts for tilted molecules. Comparison to model calculations for a range of herringbone tilt configurations allows us to draw conclusions regarding the pattern of tilt azimuths. On this basis, we offer a revised interpretation of the origin of the Ising-type ordering transition found by Arndt et al. ͓Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 1686 ͑1998͔͒ in heat capacity measurements. Our phase boundaries for monolayer phases above 80 K are in good agreement with earlier results of the Saarbrücken group. We identify three distinct bilayer phases near saturation in isothermal pressure scans from ellipsometric steps and spectroscopic signatures. In temperature scans, we find evidence for several monolayer phases more dense than the well-established 2 ϫ 2 commensurate phase and for a stable trilayer phase below about 60 K.