Author response: Heterogeneity of murine periosteum progenitors involved in fracture healing [peer_review]

Brya G Matthews, Sanja Novak, Francesca V Sbrana, Jessica L Funnell, Ye Cao, Emma J Buckels, Danka Grcevic, Ivo Kalajzic
2021 unpublished
The periosteum is the major source of cells involved in fracture healing. We sought to characterize progenitor cells and their contribution to bone fracture healing. The periosteum is highly enriched with progenitor cells, including Sca1 + cells, fibroblast colony-forming units, and label-retaining cells compared to the endosteum and bone marrow. Using lineage tracing, we demonstrate that alpha smooth muscle actin (aSMA) identifies long-term, slow-cycling, selfrenewing osteochondroprogenitors
more » ... the adult periosteum that are functionally important for bone formation during fracture healing. In addition, Col2.3CreER-labeled osteoblast cells contribute around 10% of osteoblasts but no chondrocytes in fracture calluses. Most periosteal osteochondroprogenitors following fracture can be targeted by aSMACreER. Previously identified skeletal stem cell populations were common in periosteum but contained high proportions of mature osteoblasts. We have demonstrated that the periosteum is highly enriched with skeletal progenitor cells, and there is heterogeneity in the populations of cells that contribute to mature lineages during periosteal fracture healing. Matthews et al. eLife 2021;10:e58534.
doi:10.7554/elife.58534.sa2 fatcat:f3uaehydojff5bviqzqjbbkaom