A Brief Review on Proton Therapy: An Advanced Tool for Cancer Treatment

Saumyakanti Giri, Falguni Patra
2020 Journal of PharmaSciTech  
The suggestion made in 1946 by Robert R. Wilson that beam of high energy positive charged protons could be used to destroy cancer cells by ionizing them has come long way to become an effective and advanced treatment method for cancer therapy. Conventional radiation therapy damages the deeper tissues and produces unwanted side effects. On the other hand proton therapy is having no such effect on deeper tissue as the protons in the beam have mass and their velocity and tissue penetration can be
more » ... penetration can be regulated as opposed to radiations used in conventional therapy. Proton therapy has proven itself to be much safer and efficacious than the conventional radiation method as evident from the reports of clinical studies showing lesser re-occurrence of cancer in case of proton treated patients is much than the conventional radiation treated patients. Presently, this therapy is best applicable for prostate cancer, eye tumour, breast cancer, lungs cancer, brain tumour with ongoing attempts to use in irregular shaped cancer cells and moving cancer cells for an effective treatment with significant long-term benefits.
doi:10.33981/jpst.2020.v09i01.006 fatcat:d4q7ujxinvhg5lxvdw6knyc6iq