Membrane-embedded C-terminal Segment of Rat Mitochondrial TOM40 Constitutes Protein-conducting Pore with Enriched β-Structure

Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tomoko Kadowaki, Maki Maeda, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Junichi Nabekura, Masao Sakaguchi, Katsuyoshi Mihara
2004 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
TOM40 is the central component of the preprotein translocase of the mitochondrial outer membrane (TOM complex). We purified recombinant rat TOM40 (rTOM40), which was refolded in Brij35 after solubilization from inclusion bodies by guanidine HCl. rTOM40 (i) consisted of a 63% ␤-sheet structure and (ii) bound a matrix-targeted preprotein with high affinity and partially translocated it into the rTOM40 pore. This partial translocation was inhibited by stabilization of the mature domain of the
more » ... rsor. (iii) rTOM40 bound preprotein initially through ionic interactions, followed by salt-resistant non-ionic interactions, and (iv) exhibited presequence-sensitive, cation-specific channel activity in reconstituted liposomes. Based on the domain structure of rTOM40 deduced by protease treatment, we purified the elastase-resistant and membrane-embedded C-terminal segment (rTOM40(⌬N165)) as a recombinant protein with 62% ␤-structure that exhibited properties comparable with those of full-size rTOM40. We concluded that the membrane-embedded C-terminal half of rTOM40 constitutes the preprotein recognition domain with an enriched ␤-structure, which forms the preprotein conducting pore containing a salt-sensitive cisbinding site and a salt-resistant trans-binding site.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m408604200 pmid:15347672 fatcat:dxi6w2qhznfdjnesywgypfxhje