Creatine Supplementation

2000 Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research  
Sixteen men performed 5, 5-second maximal sprints on a cycle ergometer in an environmental chamber maintained at ϳ32ЊC and 50% RH. They were then supplemented with either creatine monohydrate (CR; 20 g · d Ϫ1 for 5 days) or a placebo (PL). After 5 days of supplementation, subjects again performed 5, 5-second maximal cycling sprints on the cycle, which was immediately followed by a 75-minute exercise session to facilitate an acute loss of body water. After completion of the 75 minutes of
more » ... minutes of exercise, subjects again performed 5, 5-second sprints on the cycle followed by a second 75 minutes of exercise in order to facilitate a further loss of body water. The CR group demonstrated a significant increase in body mass compared with the PL group (CR, 1.1 Ϯ 0.2; PL, 0.7 Ϯ 0.5%; p Ͻ 0.01); however, this was not associated with any significant percent change in plasma volume (%⌬PV). The two 75-minute exercise sessions elicited significant losses in body mass (ϳϪ2.5 and ϳϪ4%) and plasma volume (ϳϪ7 and ϳϪ9%), which were not significantly different between groups. No differences were reported for any measures of work or power. Occurrences of skeletal muscle tightness and/or cramping were reported in both groups, although it was nothing that would suggest a greater incidence associated with creatine supplementation. Although creatine supplementation does not appear to negatively impact hydration status, neither is it associated with an improvement in exercise performance.
doi:10.1519/00124278-200005000-00016 fatcat:liuro7k5p5ad5n6s7ialreyuey