Computational Difficulty of Finding Matrix Product Ground States

Norbert Schuch, Ignacio Cirac, Frank Verstraete
2008 Physical Review Letters  
We determine the computational difficulty of finding ground states of one-dimensional (1D) Hamiltonians which are known to be Matrix Product States (MPS). To this end, we construct a class of 1D frustration free Hamiltonians with unique MPS ground states and a polynomial gap above, for which finding the ground state is at least as hard as factoring. By lifting the requirement of a unique ground state, we obtain a class for which finding the ground state solves an NP-complete problem. Therefore,
more » ... problem. Therefore, for these Hamiltonians it is not even possible to certify that the ground state has been found. Our results thus imply that in order to prove convergence of variational methods over MPS, as the Density Matrix Renormalization Group, one has to put more requirements than just MPS ground states and a polynomial spectral gap.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.100.250501 pmid:18643645 fatcat:zhpglrw6zbhzvnldl23jbrt4ty