A Theoretical Study of Kolmogorov-Smirnov Distinguishers [chapter]

Annelie Heuser, Olivier Rioul, Sylvain Guilley
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we carry out a detailed mathematical study of two theoretical distinguishers based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) distance. This includes a proof of soundness and the derivation of closedform expressions, which can be split into two factors: one depending only on the noise and the other on the confusion coefficient of Fei, Luo and Ding. This allows one to have a deeper understanding of the relative influences of the signal-to-noise ratio and the confusion coefficient on the
more » ... guisher's performance. Moreover, one is able to directly compare distinguishers based on their closed-form expressions instead of using evaluation metric that might obscure the actual performance and favor one distinguisher over the other. Furthermore, we formalize the link between the confusion coefficient and differential cryptanalysis, which shows that the stronger an S-box is resistant to differential attacks the weaker it is against side-channel attacks, and vice versa.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10175-0_2 fatcat:w6jpnhezhffyxgffjemgqqkqmy