ANVESHANA PANCHABHOUTIKA APPROACH IN THE MANAGEMENT OF AMAVATA

Sreelekshmi, Pratibha Kulkarni
unpublished
Ayurveda works on certain principles and it has given prime importance to the Panchabhoutika concept. Since each and every part of Purusha (individual) and Prakruti (universe) is made of Panchamahabhoota, the same concept deserves an inevitable place. Panchamahabhoota comes among the Nava Karana Dravya (9 root causes for matter). They are necessary for the Srushti, Sthiti and Laya (formation, existence and destruction) of Purusha as well as Prakruti. They are the main Karana (cause) for several
more » ... (cause) for several pathogene-sis. Since each Dosha is made of Panchama-habhoota, the Dosha Vaishamyata (imbalance) directly reveals the Vaishamyata of Pan-chamahabhoota by which that particular Dosha is made up of. The Aushadha Dravya (medic-inal drugs) we are using are also made of Panchamahabhoota 1. So if we try to understand the Mahabhoota involved in the manifestation of a particular disease, this might help a Physician to choose a right drug that could compensate the needs. Thus the Panchabhoutika concept helps in the management of several diseases, even though we are unable to diagnose a disease by its name. Aim: Trying an approach to treat Amavata through the Panchabhoutika theory. Most of the diseases dealt and named in Ayurveda is on the basis of their Dosha, Dushya involvement as well as on the Marga (route through which disease occur), Avayava (the organ affected), Karma (action in the body), Lakshana (signs and symptoms) etc. In Amavata, the two predominant pathological factors are Ama and Vata. The production of Ama is considered as the major factor in Amavata disease. Ama means an undigested, unprocessed matter 2. It can also be a substance that damages or harmful to the group of Srotases 3. Due to the hypo function of Agni, the undigested Adya Rasa Dhatu (the first entity) formed in the Amasaya ABSTRACT The theory of Panchabhoota is well-accepted in Ayurveda. Since each Dosha is made of Panchamahabhoota, the Dosha Vaishamyata (imbalance) directly reveals the Vaishamyata of Panchamahabhoota by which that particular Dosha is made up of. Aushadha Dravya (medicinal drugs) and Ahara Dravya (food) we are using are also made of Panchamahabhoota. So if we try to understand the Mahabhoota involved in the manifestation of a particular disease, this might help a Physician to choose a right drug that could compensate the needs. Thus the Panchabhoutika concept helps in the management of several diseases like Stoulya, Prameha etc: and here an attempt is made to treat Amavata through such concept.
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