First high-quality genome assembly data of sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottboll) [article]

LEONARD WHYE KIT LIM, Melinda Mei Lin Lau, Hung-Hui Chung, Hasnain Hussain, HAN MING GAN
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottboll) is a all-rounder palm, it is both a tropical halophytic starch-producing palm as well as an ornamental plant. Recently, a genome survey was conducted on this palm using Illumina sequencing platform but the BUSCO genome completeness is very low (21.5%) and most of them (~78%) are either fragmented or missing. Thus, in this study, the sago palm genome completeness was further improved with the utilization of the Nanopore sequencing platform that produced
more » ... nger reads. A hybrid genome assembly was conducted and the outcome was a much complete sago palm genome with BUSCO completeness achieved at as high as 97.9% with only ~2% of them either fragmented or missing. The estimated genome size of the sago palm is 509,812,790 bp in this study. A sum of 33,242 protein-coding genes were revealed from the sago palm genome and around 96.39% of them had been functionally annotated. An investigation on the carbohydrate metabolism KEGG pathways also unearthed that starch synthesis was one of the major sago palm activities. These data are indispensable for future molecular evolutionary and genome-wide association studies.
doi:10.1101/2021.12.29.474478 fatcat:nvuuzmop5veyldd42unm4ml5eu