Coordinated quality control in a two-stage system

D.D. Yao, S. Zheng
1999 IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control  
We study a quality control problem in a two-stage system. We assume that at each stage units are processed in batches, and the rates are random variables with known distributions. Final products are supplied to customers under warranties or service contracts, with penalty costs associated with defective units. Our focus is on coordinating the inspection procedures at the two stages. Using a stochastic dynamic programming approach, we show that the optimal policy at stage 1 is characterized by a
more » ... characterized by a sequence of thresholds, and at stage 2, by a priority structure, as well as a threshold structure. The key to optimality is a so-called K-submodularity property, which is a strengthening of the usual notion of submodularity.
doi:10.1109/9.769371 fatcat:kkf3mptnmnh6zdnbk4mlavijz4