Impak Pembangunan Homestay dalam Kalangan Komuniti Rancangan Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan (Felda), Malaysia

2018 Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia  
ABSTRAK Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan (FELDA) pada asasnya ditubuhkan atas tujuan untuk mengatasi masalah kemiskinan yang disebabkan oleh ketiadaan tanah pertanian untuk menjana pendapatan. Kini, melalui rancangan tersebut masalah utama dapat diatasi, malah dalam usaha meningkatkan pendapatan petani, pelbagai usaha terus dilakukan. Pelbagai bentuk penglibatan diceburi oleh peneroka antaranya penglibatan komuniti FELDA dalam program homestay. Penyertaan dalam program homestay bukan sahaja
more » ... stay bukan sahaja berjaya menangani masalah ketiadaan penyediaan perkhidmatan penginapan pelancongan yang terpencil, tetapi dapat menjana pendapatan tambahan kepada komuniti selain membawa beberapa impak tambahan. Kajian ini bertujuan menganalisa impak yang diperoleh komuniti secara empirikal dengan melibatkan diri dalam program ini. Impak yang dikaji merangkumi empat (4) aspek iaitu ekonomi, sosial, budaya dan alam sekitar. ABSTRACT The Federal Land Development Authority (FELDA) is fundamentally established for the purpose of addressing the poverty problem caused by the absence of agricultural land to generate income. Now, through the plan the main problem has been solved. In fact, in order to increase farmer income, various efforts have been made. Various forms of involvement are involved by settlers, including the involvement of the FELDA community in the homestay program. Participation in the homestay program not only addresses the problem of the lack of provision of accommodation services in remote tourism areas but can generate additional income to the community as well as bringing some additional impact. This study aims to analyze the impact of the community that is involved in the program. The impacts are in four (4) aspects, which are the economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects. This study is based on fieldwork with the aid of questionnaire as a study instrument. A total of 161 respondents were involved in this interview at several homestay locations throughout Peninsular Malaysia. Sample selection is randomly stratified. Mean analysis is used for the purpose of assessing the impact obtained besides assisted by one-way ANOVA test and Post Hoc Turkey HSD test. The findings show that the homestay program has a positive impact on the businessman in terms of economic, social, cultural and environmental impact. Compared to the economic impact, the higher the Semenchu Homestay, Mata Ayer and Sg. As compared to other homestays, while in terms of cultural impact, homestay Mata Ayer, Semenchu and Jengka homestay over other homestays. In terms of environmental impact, the benefits enjoyed by Homestay Sg. Klah is the highest. For social impact, this study found no significant difference between all homestay studies. Since the involvement in the
doi:10.17576/jem-2018-5202-16 fatcat:azyyrzpmrnfqjm6nb4srdtlzom