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Burnout and work engagement: A thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
of the literature, we predicted that cynicism and dedication are opposite ends of one underlying attitude dimension (called "identification"), and that exhaustion and vigor are opposite ends of one "energy" dimension. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that while the attitude constructs represent opposite ends of one continuum, the energy constructs do not-although they are highly correlated. These findings are also supported by the pattern of relationships between burnout and work engagementdoi:10.1037/a0019408 pmid:20604629 fatcat:5y3fxke6hjgyzdypbcacow4cqy