Burnout and work engagement: A thorough investigation of the independency of both constructs

Evangelia Demerouti, Karina Mostert, Arnold B. Bakker
2010 Journal of Occupational Health Psychology  
of the literature, we predicted that cynicism and dedication are opposite ends of one underlying attitude dimension (called "identification"), and that exhaustion and vigor are opposite ends of one "energy" dimension. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that while the attitude constructs represent opposite ends of one continuum, the energy constructs do not-although they are highly correlated. These findings are also supported by the pattern of relationships between burnout and work engagement
more » ... n the one hand, and predictors (i.e., work pressure, autonomy) and outcomes (i.e., organizational commitment, mental health) on the other hand. Implications for the measurement and conceptualization of burnout and work engagement are discussed. 1 In the following, we will use the term identification to describe the hypothetical dimension running from distancing [cynicism (MBI-GS) or disengagement (OLBI)] to dedication (UWES and OLBI). In addition, we will use the term energy to describe the hypothetical dimension running from exhaustion (OLBI and MBI-GS) to vigor (UWES and OLBI).
doi:10.1037/a0019408 pmid:20604629 fatcat:5y3fxke6hjgyzdypbcacow4cqy